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2017年职称英语试题《卫生B》完形填空专项练习(3)

Source: 88必发官网    2016-08-04  我要投稿     Favorite  

  2017年职称英语考试试题《卫生B》完形填空专项练习题

  第三篇

  Smoking Can Increase Depressive Symptoms in Teens

  While some teenagers may puff on cigarettes to "self-medicate” against the blues, scientists atthe University of Toronto and the University of Montreal have found that smoking mayactually 1 depressive symptoms in some teens.

  "This observational study is one of the few to examine the perceived2benefits ofsmoking among teens," says lead researcher Michael Chaiton, a research associate at the OntarioTobacco Research Unit of the University of Toronto. " 3 cigarettes may appear to haveself-medicating4or to improve mood, in the long term we found that teens who started tosmoke reported higher depressive symptoms."

  As part of the study, some 662 high school teenagers completed up to 20 questionnaires5theiruse of cigarettes to affect mood. Secondary schools were selected to provide a mix of French andEnglish participants, urban and rural schools, and schools 6 in high, moderate and lowsocio-economic neighbourhoods.

  Participants were divided into three7: never smokers: smokers who did not use cigarettesto self-medicate, improve mood or physical8 ; smokers who used cigarettes to self-medicate.

  Depressive symptoms were measured using a scale that asked how felt too fired to do things: had9going to sleep or staying 10; felt unhappy, sad, or depressed; felt hopeless about thefuture; felt vexed, antsy or tense; and worried too much about things.

  "Smokers who used cigarettes as mood 11 had higher risks of elevated depressivesymptoms than teens who had never smoked," says co-researcher Jennifer O'Loughlin, a professorat the University of Montreal Department of Social and Preventive Medicine. "Our study foundthat teen smokers who reported emotional benefits from smoking are at higher risk of12depressive symptoms."

  The 13 between depression and smoking exists 14among teens that use cigarettesto feel better. "It's 15 to emphasize that depressive symptom scores were higher amongteenagers who reported emotional benefits from smoking after they began to smoke," says Dr.Chaiton.

  1. A. examine

  B. increase

  C. decrease

  D. diagnose

  2. A. social

  B. financial

  C. emotional

  D. political

  3. A. Whatever

  B. Although

  C. Whenever

  D. what

  4. A. effects

  B. methods

  C. steps

  D. directions

  5. A. beside

  B. beyond

  C. in

  D. about

  6. A. exposed

  B. expanded

  C. located

  D. detected

  7. A. groups

  B. sets

  C. species

  D. versions

  8. A. world

  B. activity

  C. state

  D. beauty

  9. A. time

  B. courage

  C. energy

  D. trouble

  10. A. asleep

  B. awake

  C. still

  D. silent

  11. A. reducers

  B. improvers

  C. creators

  D. removers

  12. A. changing

  B. identifying

  C. developing

  D. overcoming

  13. A. difference

  B. association

  C. cooperation

  D. agreement

  14. A. occasionally

  B. scarcely

  C. probably

  D. principally

  15. A. illogical

  B. unscientific

  C. meaningless

  D. important


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