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2017年职称英语试题《卫生B》完形填空专项练习(2)

Source: 88必发官网    2016-08-04  我要投稿     Favorite  

  2017年职称英语考试试题《卫生B》完形填空专项练习题

  Middle Age: a Low Point for Most

  People around the globe hit the height of their misery and depression in middle 1 , a newntemational study suggests. The finding by British and American researchers was based on ananalysis of well-being among approximately 2 million people in 80 nations. With few exceptions,the observation appears to apply across the board, regardless 2 gender (性别), culture, geography, wealth, job history, education, and marriage or parental status.

  "The scientific fact seems to be that happiness and positive mental health follow a giant 'U'3through life," said study author Andrew J. Oswald, a professor of economics at WarwickUniversity in Warwickshire, England. "For the average person, it's high when you're 20, and then itslowly4and bottoms out in your 40s. But the good news is that your5health picks upagain, and eventually gets back to the high levels of your youth."

  The finding was 6 on the pooling of several different sources of happiness data,including: two multi-decade happiness/satisfaction surveys (first launched in the 1970s), involvingabout 500,000 American and Western European men and women; four rounds of the 80-nation"World Values Survey" 7 between 1981 and 2004 in North America, Eastern and WesternEurope, Asia, Africa, Australia, and Central and South America; and a 2004-2007 survey 8nearly 1 million Britons.

  The bottom-line: For most people throughout the world, the highest probability for9strikingis around 44 years of age.

  In the United States, however, some as-yet unexplained 10differences were observed,

  with happiness among men dipping the most in their early 50s, whereas women hit their nadir (最低点 ) around the age of 40.

  The researchers cautioned that cheerful people tend to live longer than unhappy 11 – a fact that might have skewed (使偏斜) the overall finding. But they also suggested that evidence of a happiness 12might simply reflect a midlife choice to give up long-held but no longer tenable (守得住的) aspiration (志向 ) , followed by a senior's sense of gratitude for having successfully endured 13 others did not.

  "That said, some might fred it helpful simply to understand the general14of mental healthas they go through their own life," said Oswald. "It might be u