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教你1周驾驭1门外语的绝招

Source: babbel    2015-11-18  我要投稿     Favorite  

迈克尔和马修是一对来自德国柏林的双胞胎——两兄弟没有啥特屌炸天的技能,也就是会个……10国外语的技能吧~他俩做了一个小小的语言实验:在一周掌握土耳其语可能吗!事实证明,一周学会一门语言也不是什么异想天开的事情嘛!想知道这对双胞胎是怎么做到的?看看他们分享给语言学习者的7个诀窍吧!

教你1周驾驭1门外语的绝招

1. Get To Know Why
明确学习目的

Clearly define your goal at the very beginning and then plot a route towards this goal’s achievement.
从一开始就给自己定下明确的目标,并且为达成目标设计一个循序渐进的计划。

2. Get Sticky
坚持不懈

Map and label your immediate environment in the new language from the very first moment. You’ll build and reinforce associations passively while going about your daily life.
在你每天生活的直接环境里贴上含有你想要学习的新语言的地图和标签等。这样你在日常生活中就能不知不觉的与这种语言建立联系,并强化这种联系。

3. Get A Partner
找一个学伴

There are few better motivations than a peer with the same goal. Whether you’re motivated by competition or a sense of mutual responsibility, the mere presence of a learning partner is likely to exert just the right amount of pressure to keep you on track.
没什么比有一个目标一致的小伙伴更能激发你的斗志了。无论激发你的是竞争意识还是一种相互督促的责任心,这个学习小伙伴的存在本身就能发挥恰到好处的压力,让你按部就班的学下去。

4. Prepare Mini-Motivations
设置一些迷你的目标

You need landmarks on your route towards your goal. These landmarks can consist of small challenges - real life interactions in the language, for example - which force you to prepare areas of vocabulary to overcome them. The gratification that will come with their completion will serve to spur you on to ever greater heights.
在通向目的地的学习之路上,你需要设置一些里程碑。这种里程碑可以是一些小小的挑战——比如在实际生活中用语言进行人际交流——这些小挑战会督促你去准备特定类型的词汇以攻克难关。而攻克难关的成就感会激励你再接再厉,更上层楼。

5. Eat The Language
浸润式学习

Find a way to tie everything you do to learning. Surround yourself with the food, the music and the films, so that even in your downtime you can prime your mind towards the language and perhaps trigger further areas of interest and motivation.
想办法让你做的每件事都能与学习相关。让自己被与这种新语言相关的食物,音乐和电影包围,这样即使在你情绪不佳的时间里,你也可以将自己的注意力转移到这种语言上,或许还能在新的领域激发你的学习兴趣和学习目标。

6. Use What You Already Know
利用你已习得的知识

The greater the depth of processing, the more likely the information will be remembered. Find pleasure in drawing parallels and making comparisons between the language(s) you already know and your new language.
学习的进程中你挖得越深,知识点就记得越熟。你可以欣然的在自己熟知的语言和你想学习的新语言中寻找近义词和类比词。

7. Variation is the spice of life
多样性是生活的调味料

So you have your route plotted and an idea of your favored methods, but do remember to try new things; your new language has just as many sources as your native language.
当你已经设计好了学习计划,也选择了自己最喜欢的学习方式,你还是应该不断学习新的语言现象。正如你的母语有很多分支,你所学习的新语言也同样如此!

Try something new every day. Listen to a cheesy song, read a newspaper article from a newspaper whose politics differ from your own, write a story for kids, attempt some improvised theatre and talk to yourself while cooking. Spice it up and add some flavour to your language learning!
每天都学些新东西吧!听一首神曲,读一篇报纸上的文章,体会一下这种与你不同的政治观点,写一篇儿童故事,来一段即兴的戏剧表演,做饭时用这种外语跟自己聊聊天。用这些多样的语言点给自己的生活增添乐趣,让自己的语言学习充满乐趣!


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