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如何科学提高你的阅读速度?

Source: 88必发官网    2016-04-29  我要投稿     Favorite  

SQ3R is an active reading exercise that is designed to help you get a fuller understanding of your reading materials. You will need to keep a pen and some paper on hand to use this method. SQ3R stands for:
SQ3R读书法是一种有效的阅读练习,旨在帮助你更充分理解阅读材料。用这个方法是,你的手边要有一支笔与几张纸。SQ3R指的是:

Survey: The first step of SQ3R is to survey the chapter. Survey means to observe the layout of something and get an idea of how it is constructed. Skim over the chapter and observe the titles and subtitles, take a look at the graphics, and make a mental note of the overall layout.
纵览:SQ3R读书法的第一步是纵览各章,意思是观察该书的布局谋篇,认识到各部分如何衔接。浏览各章,观察标题与副标题,不要忽略图表,在心里记下整体布局。

如何科学提高你的<a href=/englisharticle/ target=_blank class=infotextkey>阅读</a>速度?

The survey of the chapter gives you an idea of what the author considers most important. Once you have surveyed the chapter, you will have a mental framework of the reading assignment. Jot down any words that are in bold or italics.
纵览各章可以让你了解到作者认为什么最重要。这样做会让你在心中对该阅读材料有个大致框架。写下粗体字或斜体字。

Question: Jot down questions that address the chapter titles and boldface (or italicized) words you've noted.
提问:写出对你记下的章节名、粗体字和斜体字的疑问。

Read: Now that you have a framework in your mind, you can begin to read for deeper understanding.
阅读:既然现在你在心中已对阅读材料建立了大致框架,你就可以开始阅读,寻找更深层次的理解。

Start at the beginning and read the chapter, but stop and write down test questions for yourself as you go, fill-in-the-blank style. Why do this? Sometimes things make perfect sense as we read, but not so much sense later on, as we try to remember. The questions you form will help the information "sticks" in your head.
从开头一章一章地读,但是一边读要一边写下测试题,可以采用填空的形式。为什么要这样做?因为有时在阅读过程中我们觉得有些意图可能说得通,但之后试图记忆时就并非如此了。你出的题目可以把这些信息“粘”在你的头脑里。

Recite: When you reach the end of a particular passage or section, quiz yourself on the questions you’ve written. Do you know the material well enough to answer your own questions? It’s a good idea to read and answer aloud to yourself.
记诵:当读到某一篇末或章节末,用你出的题目测一测自己。你是否熟悉材料并且可以作答呢?大声朗读和回答是个好主意。

Review: For best results, the review step of SQ3R should take place a day after the other steps. Go back to review your questions, and see if you can answer them all easily. If not, go back and review the survey and the reading steps.
复习:为了达到最佳效果,应在其他步骤完成后的一天进行复习。温习你提的问题,看看是否可以轻松地回答出来。如果不行,再返回去从第一部开始,一步步温习。


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