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英语六级备考全攻略——写作篇

Source: 88必发官网    2017-07-08  我要投稿     Favorite  

一、 题型透析

《大学英语六级考试大纲》规定,作文部分共一题,考试时间为30分钟,考生应按要求完成一篇150到200词的短文,所占分值为15%。要求内容切题、能正确地表达思想、语义连贯、文章基本通顺、无重大语法错误。写作形式多样,如图画作文、根据所给文章(英语或汉语)写摘要或大意、根据所给题目、关键词、主题句或提纲等进行写作。

二、4大作文类型及高分模板

近几年的六级作文真题从题材上来看,主要可以分为校园生活类、学习类和社会热点话题类;从体裁上来看,大致可以分为议论文和应用文,而议论文写作又可以分为现象阐释型、对比选择型、观点论证型和问题解决型。其中,应用文写作近几年基本没有考查,在此不再赘述。以下是四大类型的议论文常用的写作模式和高分模板。

1. 现象阐释型

这类作文多为提纲式作文或图表式作文,要求考生对某一社会现象进行描述,分析该现象产生的原因,并加以评论。

写作模式:第一段描述现象;第二段解释这种现象产生或存在的原因;第三段提出解决问题的建议或总结观点。

高分模板:

①In recent years, ______ has/have been prevailing among.

②A number of factors can account for such phenomenon, but the following might be the critical ones. ③First and foremost, ______. ④Moreover, ______. ⑤Undoubtedly, ______. ⑥Firstly, ______. ⑦Secondly, ______.

⑧In my view, ______. ⑨To begin with, ______. ⑩What’s more, ______. ⑪Only ______.

① 开门见山,阐明某一普遍现象。

② 引出造成这种现象的关键原因。

③④ 逐条阐释原因,条理清晰,层次分明。

⑤ 承上启下,引出这种现象造成的后果。

⑥⑦ 通过结构衔接词具体阐释两种后果。

⑧ 表述自己的观点。

⑨⑩ 逐项阐明自己的观点。

⑪使用倒装结构进行总结或提出建议。

2. 对比选择型

这类作文多为提纲式作文,为议论文体裁。首先要论述相反的两个观点,或分析评论某一社会现象的优缺点,然后给出自己的见解和看法。

写作模式:第一段论述一些人对某一事物或现象的看法;第二段论述另一些人对此事物或现象的不同看法;第三段表明自己的观点并给出理由。

高分模板:

①It is widely accepted that ______. ②What’s more, ______. ③However, ______.

④On the one hand, some people hold the view that ______. ⑤On the other hand, a great many people insist that _______.

⑥From my perspective, however, ______. ⑦Therefore, ______.

① 紧扣题目论点,引出相关话题。

② 论述一些人对某一事物或现象的看法。

③ 用However转折,引出不同的观点。

④⑤ 具体阐述两种观点,论述条理清晰,内容充实。

⑥ 表述自己的观点。

⑦ 得出结论。

3. 观点论证型

这类作文多为提纲式的议论文或看图作文,通常是围绕某一事物或观点进行论证,有时以某个热点话题或某种现象为讨论对象,要求考生提出自己的看法或观点,并提供论据加以论证,也可在文章最后给出建议或期望。

写作模式:第一段引出话题,表明观点;第二段给出论据,论证观点;第三段提出建议或总结观点。

高分模板:

①It is not an uncommon social phenomenon that ______. ②For example, ______.

③As to this issue, opinions vary from person to person. ④Some people hold that ______. ⑤But others maintain that _______.

⑥ As far as I am concerned, ______. ⑦On the one hand, ______. ⑧On the other hand, ______. ⑨In a word, ______.

① 开门见山,描述现象。

② 举例说明。

③ 引出人们对该现象的观点。

④⑤ 列举人们对该现象的不同观点。

⑥ 引出自己对该现象的看法。

⑦⑧ 具体说明自己对该现象的看法。

⑨ 对全文进行总结。

如果是看图作文,可以参考以下模板:

①As is portrayed in the picture, ______. ②Actually, recent years have witnessed an increasing trend of ______.

③This ______ has inevitably brought about some ______ effects. ④Anyway, ______.

⑤However, ______. ⑥Therefore, people should become fully aware of both sides of ______.

① 开门见山,描述图画。

② 从对图片的描述引出要谈论的话题。

③ 分析这一现象造成的某一方面的影响。

④ 对本段进行小结。

⑤ 使用过渡词转换话题,开始描述这一现象对其他方面的影响。

⑥ 对全文进行总结或提出建议。

4. 问题解决型

这类作文一般为提纲式作文,且多为说明文。通常先提出一个有待解决的问题,然后要求考生就该问题提出解决方法、途径,有时还要求考生在最后谈论适合自己的方法。

写作模式:第一段描述现象,提出问题;第二段提出解决问题的方法、途径;第三段提出自己的建议。

高分模板:

①As is known to all, ______. ②However, ______. ③The cases of ______.

④Therefore, ______. ⑤Firstly, ______. ⑥Secondly, ______. ⑦Thirdly, ______.

⑧As far as I’m concerned, ______.

① 紧扣题目论点,提出问题。

② 进一步说明该问题。

③ 举例论证,充实内容。

④ 过渡到论述应采取的措施。

⑤⑥⑦ 运用结构衔接词具体阐述应采取的措施。

⑧ 提出自己的观点。

三、 常用写作句式

1. 用于描写漫画、图表的常用句型

①As the graph depicts,…

②From the cartoon/picture, we can see that…

③According to the statistics shown in the first/second graph,…

④The table shows/indicates/reveals that…

⑤It can be seen/concluded from the picture/table/figures that…

2. 用于句首提出论题或现象的句型

①Recently, …has become the focus of the society.

② …has been playing an increasingly important role in our daily life.

③Nowadays there is a growing concern for…

④Nowadays it is common to hear/see…

⑤ …has become a common occurrence in our daily life.

⑥Nowadays more and more people begin to be aware of the seriousness of…

⑦It is only during the last/past few years that man has generally become aware that…

⑧There is an old/a popular saying/proverb that says/goes…

⑨In recent years, there is a general tendency…

⑩Nowadays…has become a serious problem we have to face.

3. 用于比较、阐述不同观点的常用句型

①Some people like/prefer…, while others are/feel inclined to…

②There are different opinions among people as to…

③Some people claim that…is superior to…Others, however, disagree with it.

④Some people believe…Others maintain…Still others claim…

⑤Some people suggest…Others, however, hold the opposite opinion.

⑥On the one hand, people tend to…On the other hand, they feel…

⑦Some people argue that…Others, in contrast, believe that…

⑧Although more and more people come to believe that…, there are still others who insist that…

⑨On the contrary, there are people in favor of…

⑩There are some people who hold different opinions about…

4. 用于陈述个人观点/想法的常用句型

①My own experience tells me that…

②In my opinion, we should attach more importance to…

③As for my own idea about…, I believe that…

④As far as I am concerned, I plan to…

⑤Personally speaking, I prefer…

⑥In my view, both sides are partly right in that…

⑦But for me, I would rather…

⑧My own point of view is that…

⑨In conclusion, I support the statement that…

⑩As for me, I tend to choose…

5. 用于结尾的常用句型

①From what has been discussed/mentioned above, we may conclude that…

②Therefore, it is not difficult to draw/come to the conclusion that…

③It is high time that something was done about…

④From all the reasons/consideration above, it is evident/clear/obvious that…

⑤Taking all these factors into account, we may reach the conclusion that…

⑥Given the reasons I have just outlined/discussed/presented, I strongly recommend that…


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